Christmas Stollen bread
Stollen is a bread-like cake traditionally made in Germany,
usually eaten during the Christmas season as WeihnachtsStollen or ChristStollen.
Stollen (originally Striezel) was created in Dresden
in around 1450.
Stollen is a fruitcake made with yeast, water and flour, and usually dried citrus peel, dried fruit, almonds, and spices such as cardamom and cinnamon; the dough is quite low in sugar
The old name Striezel was from strüzel or stroczel, "awaken" (Old Prussian: troskeilis), which came to mean "loaf of bread". The shape of the cake was originally meant to represent the baby Jesus wrapped in swaddling clothes, and was one of a number of baked goods created to represent aspects of the Crucifixion: the pretzel represented Jesus' bonds, and the (holeless) doughnut (Pfannkuchen) represented the sponge given to Jesus on the cross.
the Stollen reminded Erzgebirge miners of the entrance to a mine
tunnel, which is the literal meaning of Stollen, and they renamed it.